There’s no doubt that technology has simple the way we carry out our day-to-day routines. Computers help us do stuff faster, emails and text messages let us continually be in touch, and the internet makes it easy to find the response to any question with simply a quick Google search.
While being constantly plugged in can make us feel safe, connected, and in-the-know — both at work and at home — it also means we certainly not really clock out.
It’s one thing to pull an extended day every once in a while to finish a project or deal with an emergency, but it’s another to routinely stay late at the office or work into the evening. That’s chronic overwork — and it can have extremely damaging impacts on your health, pleasure, and overall quality of life.
But w orking overtime has become the norm for most of us. And, now that multiple workplaces have embraced remote function, the lines between the finish of the work day and the begin of personal time can get also blurrier.
It’s one of those matters everyone knows is bad for us, but no one really listens. Trouble is, failure in order to prioritize a healthy balance isn’t just bad for the employees — it’s actually bad for employers, as well.
There are numerous research studies out there showing how overwork — and its resulting stress — can result in many health problems. But , additionally, it impacts your brand’s larger business too. Read on to understand exactly why it’s bad for wellness and our performance at work.
Precisely why Overworking is Bad For Your wellbeing
1 . It prevents sleep.
Study after study shows that working too much or too late in the time can negatively impact your sleep — w hether it’s the resulting stress, the staring at the computer display, or just not having enough time to unwind before striking the hay.
Avoiding sleep can cause us to build up “sleep debt . ” Essentially, it feels like your energy can be overdrawn for days at a time until you get a proper eight hrs of sleep.
Chronic sleep debt raises the risk of being overweight, heart disease, stroke, and diabetes. In the short-term, lack of sleep can have significant effects on the hippocampus, an area of the brain associated with memory creation and loan consolidation.
Think you’re one of those “lucky people” who can get by good with only five or six hours of sleep? You probably aren’t. While scientists have found genes in people that will enable them to be nicely rested after less than 8 hours of sleep, in addition they say incidence of either is incredibly rare.
2 . Overworking gets in the way of great habits.
Working a lot of can take a toll around the body and brain within two ways — by enhancing stress and by getting in the way of exercise, healthy eating, and other good habits.
For example , when you’re overtired, you rely more on coffee to get you through the day, a person tend to make unhealthy food choices plus working out becomes a thing from the past.
Cleveland Clinic reports that stress due to overworking or lack of sleep can cause you to overreat or make bad diet choices. But so how exactly does this happen?
First, overworking and lack of sleep slows activity in the areas of our minds responsible for ranking different foods based on what we want and need.
Second, little sleep also leads to an increase in the brain’s amygdala, which is responsible for controlling the particular salience of food. With time, poor food choices can lead to weight gain and even obesity.
3. Overworking is bad for your heart.
A long-running study of more than 10, 000 civil servants in London found that white-collar workers who worked three or more hours longer than a normal, seven-hour day had a 60% higher risk of heart-related issues than white-collar workers which didn’t work overtime. Examples of heart-related problems included death due to heart disease, non-fatal coronary heart attacks, and angina, an ailment caused by low blood supply to the heart.
A follow-up study of more than 22, 000 participants found that people who worked long hours were forty percent more likely to suffer from coronary heart illness than those which worked standard hours.
And even after that, reports through health sites like WebMD still tell stories of people who developed heart situations through overworking.
What about overworking might be causing heart disease, particularly?
The link between overworking and heart disease might have something to do with your own personality. In fact , the “Type A vs . Type B” personality test was originally aimed to determine how likely it was that the person would develop cardiovascular disease. Considering Type The folks tend to be more competitive, tense, time-oriented, plus stressed out — which is frequently intensified by overworking — their personality type is often associated with a higher risk.
4. It leads to bad habits.
Aside from health risks, research done in the last decade has shown how overworking links to bad habits that are furthermore unhealthy.
Even back in 2015, the Finish Institute of Occupational Health published the largest ever study of the correlation in between working patterns and drinking. In the study, a group of experts put together a dataset associated with over 330, 000 workers across 14 different countries.
They found that 48 hours of work per week was the magic number: Men and women worked more than 48 hours per week, they were more likely to engage in “increased risky alcohol use. ” Risky alcohol make use of was defined as more than 14 drinks per week for women and more than 21 drinks per week for men.
Aside from alcohol consumption, scientists have also found that long hours link to bad smoking practices.
And a 2018 paper through Welltory added to the list of bad habits by showing that overworking can also lead to a lot more social media consumption, which can risk your level of stress recover for all those not working.
five. It causes higher risks for low-income workers.
Way back in 2015, several researchers investigated the function of long working hours as a risk factor intended for type 2 diabetes. These people found that the link in between longer working hours and type 2 diabetes can be apparent in individuals within the low socioeconomic status organizations. This was true regardless of age group, sex, obesity, and physical exercise, and remained even when they will excluded shift workers from your analysis. Shortly after, another study showed an association between long hours and type 2 diabetes in low-income workers.
Overall, these types of findings show how strong of a relationship a person’s mental state can have on physical wellness.
Why Overworking is Bad for Business
If better health and happiness isn’t enough of an incentive to do something about chronic overwork, it turns out overworking can have a legitimately negative effect on a business’ bottom line. Sarah Green Carmichael of Harvard Business Review calls the storyplot of overwork “the story of diminishing returns”: keep overworking, and you’ll keep producing avoidable mistakes and getting dropped in the weeds — most of while not actually producing a lot more.
6. More input doesn’t invariably mean more output.
Perform longer work hours associate to more work obtaining done? From time to time, indeed — but not when “overtime” becomes “all the time. ”
Research by the Business Roundtable found employees saw short-term gains when they pushed their own workweek to 60 or 70 hours for a few several weeks at a time if, for example , they needed to meet a critical creation deadline. But increasing the amount of hours worked in the office through 40 to 60 hours doesn’t result in more output: “In fact, the quantities may typically be something closer to 25–30% more work in 50% more time, ” produces Sara Robinson for Salon.
Why? Robinson explains that most people do their best work between hours two and six associated with working in a given day. By the end of an eight-hour day, their finest work tends to be behind them — and by hour nine, fatigue begins to set in and efficiency levels drop. They won’t have the ability to deliver to their full potential — especially if they normally are not invigorated by something like a rare, critical deadline — and they’re going to end the day completely tired.
Interestingly, one study away from Boston University’s Questrom College of Business found that will managers actually couldn’t inform the difference between employees who seem to actually worked 80 hrs per week and those who simply pretended to. What’s more, managers tended to punish workers who were transparent about functioning less — but there was clearly no evidence that those workers actually accomplished less, nor were there any signs the overworking employees accomplished a lot more.
7. You’re more likely to make some mistakes.
Speaking of exhaustion, researchers have found that overwork — and the resulting stress and exhaustion — can make it far more hard to do everything that a modern workplace requires, including interpersonal conversation, making judgment calls, reading people, or managing their own emotional reactions. Aside from small office slip ups, research from NCBI actually shows that overworking can lead to actual physical injuries in the workplace.
8. You already know sight of the bigger picture.
Have you ever worked on a project so long that you simply began to obsess over it plus forget about everything else related to your own role or personal lifetime? Many marketers have been generally there.
The breaks we decide to use recharge, eat meals, or even spend time with the people we like help us step back from our work and stay conscious of how our work plays a role in our goals.
9. Overworking hinders creativity.
As internet marketers, we’re sought after for our innovative and colorful ideas, messages, and content. But , this type of work takes a lot of time, energy, and open-mindedness.
Regrettably, lack of sleep, stress, and other problems caused by overworking can strain your energy, motivation, and, ultimately, your level of creativity.
If you want to stay fresh and creative, it’s important to limit your work hours, about the night’s sleep, and take some time off when you feel like your mind is being drained of creative thoughts.
When you do take time away, be sure to keep a notepad or a phone recording application nearby. Sometimes, creative ideas can strike when you’re most comfortable — and you’ll want to take them down somewhere.
10. It makes multitasking harder.
As we mentioned previously, overworking raises the risk of making silly mistakes. This danger gets even higher giving up cigarettes working on multiple projects all at one time.
Multitasking is one of the commodities of a modern marketing function. Each day, we might send out a message, update social media, write the long-form blog post, attend multiple video meetings, and monitor the analytics of exactly what we’re doing.
When you’re tired, low on energy, instead of primed to pay attention to detail, it will be harder to complete all your tasks correctly — not to mention one of them.
Chronically overworking isn’t enjoyable. It doesn’t feel good; to understand you have to work through yet another loved ones dinner or relaxing weekend.
So why do people get it done? Is it because our employers told us to? Or because we want to earn more money? Or do we have a few deep-seated psychological need? Within her article for Harvard Business Evaluation, Carmichael requires, “who’s to blame? ”
In many cultures, bosses want and expect employees to put in long times, make themselves available on email 24/7, and work nights, weekends, and during vacation without protest. With this version, writes Carmichael, we overwork because we’re informed to.
This is especially evident in the three countries in which employees work the longest hours of all advanced countries in the world: America, South Korea, and Japan.
… Or ourselves?
Some of us overwork even when our managers don’t want us too, And, truthfully, most of us can’t place all the blame on other people.
More often than not, working long hours is a way for us to prove something to ourselves. Probably working late makes us feel ambitious or important. Maybe it’s because we think it is the only way to get a promotion, make more money, or avoid falling behind. Maybe we upright feel guilty when we stand up and leave at 5 P. M. Several studies have even shown some of us consider w ork a safe haven — a place in which we feel confident and in control as compared with stresses outside the workplace.
And who can blame us? More and more, working beyond normal business hours has become something people brag about. In some cases, it becomes a good addiction.
“We live in a competitive culture, ” writes Laura Vanderkam for The particular Wall Street Journal, “and so by lamenting our own overwork and sleep deprivation — even if that requires workweek inflation and claiming our own worst nights are usual — we show that individuals are dedicated to our jobs and our families. ”
Know When It’s Time for you to Log Off
Sometimes, working long hours may feel rewarding — actually invigorating. Other times, especially when all of us make a habit out of it, it could make us feel stressed, mad, lonely, and generally unhealthy.
The main element is paying attention to how it makes you feel. If it’s interfering with your mental, physical, or psychological help, it may be time to reprioritize.
Editor’s Take note: This blog post was initially published in June 2016, but was updated for comprehensiveness and freshness in October 2020.